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              Infographics

              Infographics help WHO convey health messages to the public through visuals. Here you can find a compilation of WHO infographics according to topic.



              Adolescent health

              Adolescents – young people between the ages of 10 and 19 years – are often thought of as a healthy group. Nevertheless, many adolescents die prematurely.

              Ageing and health

              Between 2000 and 2050, the number of people aged 60 and over is expected to double. In 2050, more than 1 in 5 people will be 60 years or older.

              Antibiotic resistance

              Antibiotic resistance happens when bacteria change and become resistant to the antibiotics used to treat the infections they cause.


              Cholera

              Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal disease that can kill within hours if left untreated. Researchers have estimated that each year there are up to 4 million cases and 143 thousand deaths from cholera.

              Diabetes

              About 422 million people worldwide have diabetes, a number likely to more than double in the next 20 years. Type 2 accounts for around 90% of all diabetes worldwide. Reports of type 2 diabetes in children have increased globally.

              Disabilities and rehabilitation

              A billion people in the world, 15% of the population, have a disability severe enough that it limits their participation in family, community and political life.


              Drowning

              Over half of all drowning deaths are among those aged under 25 years.

              Environmental health

              Environmental health addresses all the physical, chemical, and biological factors external to a person, and all the related factors impacting behaviours.

              Food safety

              Foodborne diseases take a major toll on health. Millions of people fall ill and many die as a result of eating unsafe food.


              Hepatitis

              Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, most commonly caused by a viral infection. There are five main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, D and E.

              HIV/AIDS

              HIV is a retrovirus that infects cells of the immune system, destroying or impairing their function. The most advanced stage of HIV infection is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

              Human rights

              Human rights underpin much of WHO’s work, providing strategies and solutions to redress the inequalities, discriminatory practices and unjust power relations that often underlie inequitable health outcomes. #StandsUpForHumanRights


              Humanitarian action

              Humanitarian emergencies across the globe have put pressure on the health systems and the vulnerable populations seeking health care. WHO is working with partners and governments to provide assistance to the affected populations.

              Influenza

              Seasonal influenza is a serious public health problem that causes severe illness and death in high risk populations. Up to 650 000 people die of respiratory diseases linked to seasonal flu each year.

              Immunization

              Immunization is one of the most cost-effective solutions in global health, with clear benefits for health and sustainable development.


              Malaria

              Malaria prevention works. Prevention tools are powerful and cost-effective, and they are saving lives. Since 2000, more than 663 million malaria cases have been averted in sub-Saharan Africa.

              Meningitis

              Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. It can be caused by a variety of organisms that include bacteria, fungi or viruses.

              Mental health

              Mental health is promotion of well-being, prevention of mental disorders, and treatment, rehabilitation of people affected by mental disorders.


              Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs)

              NTDs are endemic in 149 countries and affect more than 1.4 billion people, costing developing economies billions of dollars every year.

              Natural disasters

              Hurricanes, flooding, heavy rains may increase the risk of water-borne diseases (e.g. typhoid fever, leptospirosis) and and vector-borne diseases (e.g. malaria, dengue, Chikungunya). Consult a doctor at once if you have any sign or symptom of illness.

              Newborn and child health

              An estimated 43 percent—249 million—of children under five in low-and middle-income countries are at an elevated risk of poor development due to extreme poverty and stunting.


              Nutrition

              Nutrition is a critical part of health and development. Better nutrition is related to improved infant, child and maternal health, stronger immune systems, safer pregnancy and childbirth, lower risk of non-communicable diseases, and longevity.

              Palliative care

              Palliative care is important for patients with life-threatening illnesses and their families. It relieves physical, psychological and spiritual suffering. Palliative care also plays a major role in improving quality of life.

              Plague

              Plague is an infectious disease that can become severe if left untreated. If diagnosed early, plague can be cured with antibiotics and supportive care.


              Road traffic injuries

              Strong road traffic laws, when adequately enforced, ensure safe behaviours and make roads safer.

              Salt reduction

              Salt intake of less than 5 grams per day for adults helps to reduce blood pressure and risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke and coronary heart attack.

              Sexual, reproductive, maternal health

              About 830 women die each day due to complications in pregnancy and childbirth. This is despite a 44% reduction in maternal deaths between 1990 and 2015.


              Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

              The SDGs mark the beginning of a new era in global development – the world’s to-do list for a fairer, safer and healthier world by 2030. The health-related targets are centred in Goal 3, but health will affect or be affected by each of the 17 SDGs.

              Tobacco

              Tobacco threatens health, economies and development. The tobacco industry targets women by implying tobacco enhances gender equality, glamour, sociability and success.

              Universal health coverage

              And each year, large numbers of households are being pushed into poverty because they must pay for health care out of their own pockets.


              Violence

              Violence is a major public health problem and is a violation of human rights.

              Viral haemorrhagic fevers

              Viral haemorrhagic fever is a general term for a severe illness, sometimes associated with bleeding, that may be caused by a number of viruses, including Lassa fever, Rift Valley Fever, Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever and others.

              Yellow fever

              Yellow fever is a viral disease, found in tropical regions of Africa and the Americas. It principally affects humans and monkeys, and is transmitted via the bite of Aedes mosquitoes. It can produce devastating outbreaks, which can be prevented and controlled by mass vaccination campaigns.


              Zika virus disease

              Zika virus is a mosquito-borne virus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes in tropical regions. This is the same mosquito that transmits dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever.

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